Villanova Hopes to Continue Their Winning Ways on AstroTurf

Ringgold High School is a Synthetic Turf Pioneer Once Again

Massive Washington Sports Complex Chooses AstroTurf

The Episcopal School of Dallas Steps Up Their Game with AstroTurf

AstroTurf Covering 6 High School Fields in Georgia School District

Kansas State Upgrades to AstroTurf Trionic

Why AstroTurf?

Learn the top 10 reasons to select AstroTurf for your next field… Learn More

A Field for Every Sport

There are all types of sports. Which is why there are all types of AstroTurf synthetic turf products… Learn More

Priority #1: Player Safety

Since 1965, AstroTurf has engineered synthetic turf systems with player safety uppermost in mind… Learn More

Just Like The Real Thing

We know the ins and out of creating a realistic looking turf field… Learn More

Built For Performance

With so many systems, it’s easy to see how AstroTurf can cover so much ground.

World Class 3D Turf

Find out why 60% of all AstroTurf clients select the RootZone technology.

Player Safety

Startling evidence has emerged from academic studies in recent years.

Build My Field

Whatever sport your team plays, there’s an AstroTurf product ready to take the field.

Welcome to AstroTurf

Since 1965, the AstroTurf brand has been driven by forward thinking ingenuity. Today AstroTurf continuously improves its system design to deliver playing surfaces with the most realistic, sport-specific performance, longest lasting durability, and sound player protection.

Welcome to the Second Half of the AstroTurf Century!

Latest News

5 Minutes with Aaron Klotz

Welcome to our series of Five Minutes With... blogs that will feature interviews with AstroTurf's staff of experts, partners, clients and friends. We hope you learn something about our industry and the great people associated with it. Today we talk with G. Aaron...

Ten Visually Interesting AstroTurf Fields

The old, plain, green rectangle and diamond field designs just may be a thing of the past. While the shapes are the same, schools are looking more and more for ways that their fields can make a statement and set themselves apart from the others. Some make that statement with colors, others go with logo size, and some others even build their fields into a magnificent landscape. We have pulled together a list of some great example of visually interesting AstroTurf installations. These field owners dreamed big and carried out their extraordinary plans perfectly.

When it came time to install a new playing surface, Texas A&M-Commerce employed a strategy that would make them stand out from the rest. Not only do they have a top shelf football as proven by their Division II Football title this past year, but by also having one of the best fields you can find. What better way to set yourself apart than by installing a monstrous 50 X 53-yard, pre-fabricated logo that is the largest mid-field logo in history? Not only is the design sleek and appealing to the eye, but by being this big, it is just one more way to express dominance.

 

Just standing out in football was not enough for Texas A&M-Commerce. The school decided to go the extra mile by making the brown clay infield for softball, blue. What makes this even more unique is that when the ball comes off the bat during games, the school colors are hopping all over the field.

 

Shipyard Park in South Carolina has a fitting name. Situated on the Wando River a few minutes outside the southern city of Charleston, you get to play baseball with a great view. Some even consider this facility the best in the Southeast due to the top-notch quality of the AstroTurf fields along with beautiful views of the water from every field. If you time your game just right, you might even witness a sunset on the river during a game!

 

When your school nickname is “Big Blue” you have no choice but to get a blue everything and that is just what New England University did. This university looks like blue heaven with their new blue AstroTurf football/softball and field hockey fields. The Nor’easters took it one step further with an outstanding field layout and their beautiful UNE logo that really pops at centerfield.

 

Appropriately dubbed “The Beach” by the football program, Belle Vernon High School in Pennsylvania has one of the most unique fields in the country. If it wasn’t unique enough, this was the first AstroTurf GreenSeries DT (more fiber) field east of the Mississippi to be installed at a high school. This all gold field, with black outlines, has proven to be quite the home field advantage the past few years, as the team has boasted a high win percentage playing on their “Beach.”

 

Every kid grows up wanting to be a Major Leaguer but sadly, most never get close. Going to the ballpark is about as close to that dream as most of us get. But now, kids and adults both can get a little bit closer to that dream by getting to play on a scaled replica of the Philadelphia Phillies’ field at Citizens Bank Park. This unique AstroTurf project helps to add to the game day experience by providing Phillies fans with a true “Field of Dreams.”

 

Nestled next to pristine California hillsides, Goals Pamona is a unique AstroTurf installation. Sporting 10 soccer fields, each with a beautiful alternating panel scheme, who could pick a better place to play? With each field getting its own unique name, such as “Estadio Azteca (the name of the largest Mexican soccer stadium)”, this gives the athletes a feel for a big-time environment.

 

 

Another shining example of the new trend of no endzone letters is Exeter High School (California), the 2013 High School National Champions. The two-tone field is tremendously highlighted by the bring yellow inlays for soccer. The unique Monarch logo at centerfield showcasing a lion topped off with a crown is one of the more creative school logos’ that you will find.

 

Another blue field made the list, this one being from Luther College in Iowa. As you can clearly see everything in sight has blue, including the aquamarine colored track. Topped off by the Norse logo in centerfield, this all blue and white turf distinctly stands out in the Iowa countryside. Outlined in black, you can see the field and stadium name displayed in white inlays on the home side of the field.

 

Rocky Top Sports World truly is at the top. Located in the tourist city of Gatlinburg, Tennessee, surrounded by the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, this facility offers a chance to play on the best AstroTurf has to offer along with the background of sprawling mountains. With the spectacular scenery, you can clearly see why this facility was named one of the top 10 multi-purpose facilities in the United States for 2017!

 

With thousands of field installations under our belt, you can bet that we have some great fields to share. The above is just a small sample of our work and you can look for more great AstroTurf sports fields to be shared with you in the near future. As long as our customers continue to dream big and aren’t afraid to step outside of the norm, we will be installing extraordinary fields.

Everyone Appreciates a Good Sports Logo

Let’s face it, nothing quite makes a football field like a bright, big, bold logo.  We love it when a customer has a unique idea and asks if we can make it a reality, because we say “Oh yes we can”!  The logo is the main focal point of the field and a great representation of the school so it’s our opinion that you should go big or go home. Over the years, we have seen just about everything and we do have our favorites.   We wanted to share with you just a few that went “big” so here they are in no particular order.

Let’s start this list off fast as a Jackrabbit… a South Dakota State Jackrabbit that is.  Pre-fabricated into the form you see, this bright yellow jackrabbit, not bunny, is the centerpiece of this stadium. The speed of this animal is very relevant due to the high powered and fast scoring offense that this team puts on the field.

 

The University of Central Missouri Mules adopted the name in the early 1900’s after a contest to see who could pick out the best name for the school. The red bodied and white toothed mule was installed with the football field in 2017 and the baseball field in 2016 and helps to show the strength and toughness that this team puts on the field. Uniquely enough, the men’s teams are only known as the mules while the women’s teams at the school are known as the “Jennies.”

 

Ottawa University in Arizona has a field that belongs in the desert. Everything on this field from the colors, panels, and logo, scream Arizona. The logo is emblazoned in multiple colors, all of which fit in perfectly in the surrounding landscape. The burnt orange and red give the “Spirit” logo its distinct look.

 

This mascot might top the list of most unusual in high school, and the logo also easily cracks our list as well. New Braunfels High School in Texas got their logo from the coat of arms of Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, this blue unicorn was a salute to the city’s German roots. The funny thing is, it turned out the coat of arms depicted a lion instead of a unicorn, but the school stuck with their now famous mascot. Beautifully designed with this spiraled horn and strong white mane, this logo is not only unusual but artistically stunning.

 

Have you ever seen an angry camel before? Campbell University, an FCS school in North Carolina (as shown by the state outline surrounding the camel) went with this unique logo on their latest field. This bright orange camel, with shiny white teeth gritting for success, gets extra help from the black background to make it stand out. Also, look at the detail on the shoreline of the state itself, magnificent pre-fabrication work!

 

What is cooler than a fire breathing dragon… I mean come on. We all know the powerful mythological creature is stuff of legends and has been put on a pedestal due to the success of Game of Thrones. Now, Lakeside High School in Ohio has used the dragon logo well before the series. This scaly green creature with a tan underbelly and its white claws is already impressive enough but add in the fire spitting out of the mouth and you have one unforgettable logo. Well done Lakeside High School, well done.

 

The majority Hispanic Mendota High School sticks very closely to its roots with this breathtaking logo. The mixture of the teal and white headwear on the tan face gives it a real life feel. What makes this logo so important is that it symbolizes a community. If you watched the SC Featured “Mendota,” you could see how this football field and Aztec logo are so invaluable to the community. That alone was enough to break into this list, but having the breathtaking logo did not hurt.

 

Nestled in the hills and woods of the Ozarks, is the home of the Hillbillies. The logo is loaded, literally, with color and design. Grasping his weapon of choice, this muscular bearded man is donning a purple hat to go along with his purple overalls, the school color. What is truly impressive is the artistic design that allowed for the tiny buttons on the overalls that truly bring together the look. Not to mention the field isn’t so bad looking either.

 

Blue Springs South High School comes leaping in with this 40-yard-wide logo. This spotted blue and white leopard with teeth flashing, is beautifully constructed. This is just another great example of the incredible design work that goes into these logos. No detail is missed even on the biggest of logos.

 

Finally soaring in (lots of puns in this list) is Etiwanda High School. It’s hard to leave America’s bird off this list. The only eagle with the white head is the Bald Eagle, although the school is simply known as the Eagles. This beautifully designed bird was intended to look intimidating, which it did with the menacing red eyes. The attention to detail cannot be overlooked here, with the wings of the eagle stretching out over the Etiwanda lettering.

We hope you have enjoyed a look at some of our favorite logos that AstroTurf has installed over the years. As we said, this is just a small sample of the many beautiful logos that adorn our premium playing surfaces.  After installing thousands of synthetic fields over the years, you can be sure that we have a huge selection to choose from. So many in fact that you can count on another sample of our logo work in the future. And to our customers, keep envisioning your dream field that will stand out from the rest of the pack and we will be here ready to make that dream a reality.

Synthetic Turf Glossary of Terms

Synthetic Turf Glossary

We have all done it. We have used industry insider lingo without thinking about it when talking to someone that is new to our business.  We should all be conscious with our choice of words and stop taking for granted that who we are speaking with understands some of the industry specific terms we are using. This is not just a problem with our business, most professionals have been guilty of it at one time or the other. Since we will probably unintentionally continue to occasionally do it, we thought it would be nice to provide industry outsiders with a “cheat sheet” that they can use to better understand the synthetic turf business.  For your reading enjoyment and for educational purposes, we have provided you with a Glossary of Synthetic Turf Terms.

A

Adhesive

Adhesive

Industrial adhesives, products not found in home supply stores, are used to bond synthetic turf seams and inserts, and, in some applications, a total glue down of the synthetic turf to the base. Synthetic turf adhesives should be applied by experienced, professional installers. The adhesives should provide a strong, hazard-free, and durable bond between adjacent turf panels or sections and to be usable for installation under variable weather conditions. The adhesive should also be resistant to water, fungus, and mildew. Synthetic turf adhesives include: one-part adhesives (urethane), two-part (epoxy or urethane), hot melt, and water-based (latex) and one-part, solvent/isocyanate free adhesive (SMP).

 

Aggregate Base (or Base Materials)

Construction and Installation

The aggregate base on which the synthetic turf is installed provides a structurally sound foundation for field construction, and a media for drainage of the field. The base is designed to ensure that once the field is in place, it never moves. A good geotechnical report will provide essential information for a firm and stable base for the synthetic turf.

 

Antimicrobial

Additive

An agent that kills microbes. Can be effective on bacteria and/or fungi. Can be applied topically or embedded in fiber or infill.

 

Antistatic Properties

Turf

Resisting the tendency to produce annoying static electric shocks in situations where friction of the foot tread builds up static in low-humidity conditions.

 

ASTM

Standards Organization

The American Society for Testing and Materials. An international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.

 

B

Backing

Backing

Materials comprising the back of the turf, as opposed to the turf or face. The adhesive backing refers to the urethane or latex coating. Turf backing refers to the stabilizing fabrics that are used to secure the fiber tufts.

 

Ball-Surface Interaction

Performance

Ball-surface interaction describes the performance characteristics of the field that relate to the ways in which the ball reacts to the surface. It is important that the ball perform as close as possible to the optimal performance characteristics for the sport or sports being played on the field. Therefore, measurements of vertical ball rebound, angled ball rebound, and ball roll, are taken to compare against the published standards of the regulatory organization(s) applicable to each sport.

 

Brushing (or Grooming)

Maintenance

Periodic brushing or grooming of the synthetic turf surface by a static (non-rotary) double brush is important to redistribute the infill evenly throughout the field, ensure that the exposed part of the fiber is uniform in its direction and is vertical, and helps remove litter, leaves, etc. The brushing activities should conform to the written maintenance guidelines provided by the installation company.

 

C

Cleaning

Maintenance

The periodic use of a vacuum, sweeper or blower should be applied to keep the synthetic surface clean. This equipment should be compatible with synthetic turf fields. This typically means wider tires and softer nylon type brushes. The cleaning activities should conform to the written maintenance suggested guidelines provided by the synthetic installation builder.

 

Collection

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Logistical process of moving (plastics) waste from its source to a place where it can be recovered.

 

Compaction

Construction and Installation

The field base materials should be thoroughly compacted to prevent any significant differential settlement across the area of synthetic turf surfacing. The appropriate moisture content must be maintained in the base materials to allow for optimal levels of compaction. Compaction can also mean an unwanted condition of the infill. De-compacting the infill using special maintenance equipment will improve drainage, g-max, safety, and playability.

 

Contaminant

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Unwanted substance or material defined according to the intended use.

 

Copolymer

Polymer Compound

A polymer made by reaction of two different monomers with units of more than one kind.

 

Crumb Rubber and Coated Rubber Infill

Infill

Crumb Rubber is derived from scrap car and truck tires that are ground up and recycled. Two types of crumb rubber infill exist: Ambient and Cryogenic. Together these make up the most widely used infill in the synthetic sports field and landscape market. Crumb rubber infill is substantially metal free, and, according to the STC Guidelines for Crumb Rubber Infill, should not contain liberated fiber in an amount that exceeds .01% of the total weight of crumb rubber, or .6 lbs. per ton.

Coated Rubber: Both ambient and cryogenic rubber can be coated with colorants, sealers, or anti-microbial substances if desired. Coated rubber provides additional aesthetic appeal, reduction of dust by products during the manufacturing process and complete encapsulation of the rubber particle.

 

D

Density

Turf

The amount of pile fiber in the turf and the closeness of the tufts.

 

Drainage System

Construction and Installation

An efficient and effective underground drainage system is an integral component of a synthetic turf system, and is designed to carry away the water that percolates through the turf. The system chosen will depend on the use of the field, climate, amount of rainfall and other factors.

 

Durability

Performance

Durability describes the performance characteristic of the field that relates to the resistance of the synthetic turf system to wear and tear, and the environment. This characteristic is established by testing for such things as abrasion resistance, joint strength, tuft bind, and climatic resistance to UV, water, and heat.

 

E

Edge Anchoring

Construction and Installation

Edge anchoring is the system that is designed to be installed at the perimeter of the field to attach to the synthetic turf, anchor it, and transition to whatever abuts the field, such as a running track. The anchor may consist of a concrete curb, a treated wood nailer, a composite material or a trench drain. These may vary by design and region, but should always provide a secure anchor.

 

Elastic Layer Pad (E-Layer®)

Construction and Installation

Elastic Layer (E-Layer®) pads that are paved-in-place on site using specially modified running track pavers with heated screeds. These pads often have a mix of small stones, foam and rubber granules bound by high grade polyurethane binder.

 

Energy Recovery

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Use of combustible waste as a means to generate energy through direct incineration with or without other waste but with recovery of the heat. Forms of energy recovery include incineration and gasification. Gasification is considered to be more efficient and cleaner.

 

Environmental Impact

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially, resulting from an organization’s activities or products.

 

EPDM Infill

Infill

EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer) — EPDM granules are manufactured from synthetic rubber and generally produced from virgin material. Some EPDM are produced from recycled material. EPDM is a polymer elastomer with high resistance to abrasion and wear and will not change its solid form under high temperatures. Typical EPDM colors are green and tan. EPDM has proven its durability as an infill product in all types of climates. Its excellent elasticity properties and resistance to atmospheric and chemical agents provide a stable, high performance infill product.

 

F

Face Weight

Turf

The total weight of the yarn/fiber tufted into the backing.

 

Fiber

Fiber

Typically, the fiber used in synthetic turf is textured and/or non-textured polypropylene, polyethylene, nylon, or other suitable performing hybrid or copolymer in tape form or mono-filament. Minimum fiber sizes are 50 microns for polypropylene or polyester, 100 microns for tape form (slit film) polyethylene, 140-300 form mono-filament polyethylene (shape dependent), and 500 denier for nylon. Fibers should be compliant with ASTM guideline for total lead content.

 

Fiber Size

Fiber

Refers to the denier per filament (dpf) or thickness of a filament. Fiber size impacts resilience, performance and wear.

 

FIFA

Sport Governing Body

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football) is the international governing body of association football (soccer). FIFA dictates design and performance characteristics required for FIFA approved soccer fields.

 

FIH

Sport Governing Body

The International Hockey Foundation is the governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey.  FIH dictates design and performance characteristics for FIH approved hockey fields.

 

G

G-max

Testing

A field’s level of shock absorbency is tested by using a unit of measurement called the g-max, where one “g” represents a single unit of gravity. The peak acceleration reached upon impact of two objects, such a football player and the synthetic turf surface, is the maximum number of g’s a field is able to absorb. A field with a higher g-max level loses its ability to absorb the force — and places more impact on the athlete during a collision, while a surface with a lower g-max absorbs more force, lessening the impact to the athlete. Using ASTM F1936 test method, g-max readings shall not exceed 200 at each test point. With proper maintenance, a synthetic turf field should have a g-max of well below 200. The g-max guideline in the STC’s Guidelines for Synthetic Turf Performance is “below 165” for the life of the synthetic turf field.

 

I

Industrial Rework (or Post-Industrial Material)

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Rework generated by a different company or manufacturing plant from the company or manufacturing plant producing the products to this specification and the composition is known by the industrial source of material.

 

Irrigation

Construction and Installation

Sprinklers and irrigation systems are used for cooling and control of static electricity and dust in synthetic turf systems.

 

L

Landfill

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Waste disposal site for the deposit of waste onto or into land under controlled or regulated conditions.

 

Lines and Markings

Construction and Installation

Lines and markings, such as sport specific game lines, logos, and numbers, should be applied to the synthetic turf surface in one of three methods: with colored fiber that is either tufted or knitted into the synthetic turf panels during the manufacturing process, installed as inlays, or with temporary or permanent paint that is approved for use on synthetic turf surfaces. Tufted-in or inlaid lines and markings are a permanent part of the surface. Painted lines and markings installed with either permanent or temporary paint require maintenance. Even permanently painted lines require additional paint on a periodic basis.

 

M

Maintenance

Maintenance

Maintaining a synthetic turf field is essential for optimum appearance, safety, playing performance, and field longevity. A regular schedule of maintenance should include surface cleaning, debris removal, grooming, and infill redistribution and de-compaction. The maintenance procedures and equipment, as specified by the synthetic turf systems builder and required for the system, should be evaluated during the selection process so that the appropriate budget resources for manpower and equipment may be allocated. Note: Refer to the Synthetic Turf Council’s Suggested Guidelines for the Maintenance of Infilled Synthetic Turf Surfaces, April 2007, for additional information.

 

Maintenance Log

Maintenance

A maintenance log should be kept to record the maintenance performed on the field as recommended by the field builder.

 

Material Recovery

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Material processing operations including mechanical recycling, feedstock (chemical) recycling, and organic recycling, but excluding energy recovery. See also recovery.

 

Monofilament

Fiber

Multiple single strands of PE are pushed through a spinneret (like spaghetti) creating a unique shape.

 

N

Nylon

Fiber

A petrochemical-based fiber invented in 1938. There are two basic types of nylon: Type 6,6 nylon and Type 6 nylon. Nylon is the dominant fiber choice for commercial carpet use due to its wear characteristics.

 

O

Organic Infill

Infill

There are several organic infills available in the North American market, all utilizing different organic components, such as natural cork and/or ground fibers from the outside shell of the coconut. These products can be utilized in professional sports applications as well as for landscaping. At the end of its life cycle it can be recycled directly into the environment.

 

P

Pad (or Shock Pad)

Construction and Installation

Shock attenuation pads offer an added level of protection and consistent playability to the playing surface and are designed to contribute to a safe g-max level throughout a synthetic turf field’s life. Roll out or panel systems are relatively economical and offer ease of installation. Pads can be permeable or impermeable. Some can replace all or portions of the stone base and provide both shock attenuation and drainage, while others are used in combination with a traditional stone and drainage base. Pads can be placed directly over asphalt or cement stabilized surfaces. Provided care is taken in the turf install/removal process, some last more than one turf life cycle. Some pads are made from recycled materials, while others are made from virgin materials and may be recyclable.

 

Perforations

Turf

For synthetic turf systems designed to be permeable to water, a system with a fully coated secondary backing will typically have holes punched into the backing at regular intervals to provide adequate vertical drainage throughout the system.

 

Performance Evaluation of Synthetic Turf

Testing

There are three basic categories that define the overall performance of a synthetic turf sports field: ball/surface interaction, player/surface interaction, and durability. Refer to the specific category for its definition.

 

Permeability

Construction and Installation

Synthetic turf and the base on which it is installed is usually designed to allow for water to percolate through it so that there is no standing water on the surface. Water permeability rates for both the field’s surfacing and the field base materials should be designed to accommodate the local weather and rainfall patterns.

 

Pigment

Fiber

Highly colored and insoluble, colored pigments are added to polymer to create colored fiber.

 

Pile

Turf

The visible surface of turf, consisting of yarn tufts. Sometimes called the face or nap.

 

Pile Height

Turf

The length of the tufts measured from the primary backing top surface to their tips. Pile tufts should be gently extended but not stretched during accurate measurement. This specification is expressed in fractions of an inch or decimal fractions of an inch in the U.S.

 

Pile Weight

Turf

The weight in ounces of the fiber in a square yard of turf.

 

Plastics Recycling

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Process by which plastic materials or products that would otherwise become solid waste are collected, processed, and returned to use in plastic products that have fulfilled their intended purpose or can no longer be used.

 

Plastics Waste

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Any plastics material or object that the holder discards, or intends to discard, or is required to discard.

 

Player-Surface Interaction

Performance

Player-surface interaction describes the performance characteristics of the field that relate to footing, shock absorbency, surface abrasion, and surface stability, for example. These characteristics are determined through testing for vertical deformation, force reduction, traction, slip resistance, energy restitution, abrasiveness, among others. Proper shoe selection is a critical component to the way a player interacts with the playing surface.

 

Polyethylene

Fiber

A polymer of ethylene, the same material that is used in plastic bags.

 

Polymer

Fiber

Polymers are large chemical molecules from which synthetic fibers, synthetic infill and backing systems are made. Polymers are complex, chain-like macromolecules which are made by uniting simpler molecules called monomers. Synthetic polymers used for synthetic turf fiber include Type 6 nylon (polyamides), polyethylene and polypropylene.

 

Polypropylene

Fiber, Backing

A polymer of propylene, the same material that is frequently used in packaging.

 

Polyurethane

Backing

A polymer of a diisocyanate and usually a polyol. When reacted these materials form a urethane.

 

Post-Consumer Material

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Plastics material, generated by the end users of products that has fulfilled its intended purpose or can no longer be used, this includes material returned from within the distribution chain. Post-consumer material is part of the broader category of recovered material.

 

Post-Industrial Material

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Plastics waste generated by a manufacturer. See industrial rework.

 

Post-Installation Testing

Testing

After installation, a field should be tested periodically to record its g-max, and other safety and performance values, to determine if and what remedial maintenance is required. A schedule for on-going testing should be included and understood by the parties. Seams and inlays should be regularly inspected and repaired, as needed.

 

Primary Backing

Backing

The primary backing materials are of a woven or non-woven fabric in one or more layers which are utilized in the tufting process, or of high strength polyester multi-filament fiber utilized in the knitting process. This backing material provides the initial dimensional stability for the system.

 

R

Recovered Material

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

(Plastics) materials and by-products that have been separated, diverted, or removed from the solid waste stream, but not including those materials and by-products generated from the reused within an original manufacturing process. This definition includes post-consumer and post-industrial material only, whether or not plastic material has been commingled, reprocessed, reground or reconstituted.

 

Recovery

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Processing of (plastics) waste material for the original purpose or for other purposes including energy recovery.

 

Recyclate

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Plastic material resulting from the recycling of plastics.

 

Recycled Content

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Percentage by weight of recyclate in a material or product.

 

Recycled Plastic

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

See recyclate.

 

Recycling

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Processing (plastics) waste materials in a manufacturing process for the original purpose or for other purposes, but excluding energy recovery.

 

Regrind

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Recovered plastics material reclaimed by shredding and granulating recovered material.

 

Resource Recover

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Recovery of material or energy.

 

Reuse

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Use of a product more than once in its original form.

 

RootZone®

Thatch

AstroTurf’s patented RootZone® is  texturized layer of fibers that draw down to encapsulate infill, results in minimal rubber splash, better shock absorbency and durability, making RootZone®  systems the top choice for athletes and field owners alike.

 

S

Sand (Silica) and Coated Silica Sand Infill

Infill

Pure silica sand is one of the original infilling materials utilized in synthetic turf. This product is a natural infill that is non-toxic, chemically stable and fracture resistant. Silica sand infills are typically tan, off-tan or white in color and – depending upon plant location – may be round or sub-round in particle shape. As a natural product there is no possibility of heavy metals, and the dust/turbidity rating is less than 100. It can be used in conjunction with many other infills on the market to provide a safe and more realistic playing surface. The round shape plays an integral part in the synthetic turf system. It is important that silica sand have a high purity (greater than 90%) to resist crushing and absorption of bacteria and other field contaminants. Silica sand can either be coated with different materials as a standalone product or can be used to firm up in combination with traditional crumb rubber infill systems.

Coated Silica Sand. This class of infill consists of coated, high-purity silica sand with either a soft or rigid coating specifically engineered for synthetic turf. These coatings are either elastomeric or acrylic in nature (non-toxic) and form a bond with the sand grain sealing it from bacteria to provide superior performance and durability over the life of a field. Coated sand is available in various sizes to meet the application’s needs.

Depending on the amount and type of infill, coated sands can either be used with or without a pad and are available in various colors. All of the coatings are non-toxic and are bonded to the quartz grain for superior performance and durability over the life of your field. These materials are typically used as a homogenous infill which provides both ballast and shock absorbing qualities to a synthetic turf application.

 

Seam

Construction and Installation

Synthetic turf materials are manufactured in panels or rolls that are usually 15 feet wide. Each panel or roll should be attached to the next with a seam to form the fabric of the field. Seams should be glued with a supplemental backing material or sewn with high strength sewing thread. The bonding or fastening of all system material components should provide a permanent, tight, secure, and hazard-free athletic playing surface. Seam gaps should be uniform. For tufted infill systems the gap between the fibers should not exceed the gauge of the tufting.

 

Seaming Tape

Construction and Installation

Seaming tape is commonly used for seams and/or inlaid lines and markings. The tape is comprised of a fabric that should be installed below the backing material on both sides of a seam or inlay. The fabric used for seaming tape should provide dimensional strength and enough surface texture to bond well with the adhesive.

 

Seam Repair

Maintenance

Seams that open or become loose may require some immediate and temporary gluing until they can be inspected and corrected by the installation builder. The gluing should conform to the written maintenance suggested guidelines provided by the synthetic turf vendor.

 

Secondary Backing

Backing

The secondary backing materials are applied through a coating process with a single or multiple applications of one or various materials. A tufted fabric typically receives a suitable coating of polyurethane, latex, hot melt, or other coatings or fabrics in various weight and thickness configurations, depending on individual system design. The secondary backing provides an additional level of tuft bind and structural integrity to the synthetic turf.

 

Shock Pad

Construction and Installation

See pad.

 

Shredding

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Any mechanical process by which plastics waste is fragmented into irregular pieces of any dimension or shape.

 

Synthetic Fiber

Fiber

Produced by man-made means, not available in nature in the same form.

 

T

TPE Infill

Infill

Thermo plastic elastomer (TPE) infill is non-toxic, heavy metal free, available in a variety of colors that resist fading, very long lasting, and 100% recyclable and reusable as infill when the field is replaced. TPE infill, when utilizing virgin-based resins, will offer consistent performance and excellent g-max over a wide temperature range. The chemical composition of this type of colored infill granules are in general made of copolymers of ethylene, butadiene, and styrene or are polyurethane elastomers utilizing of isocyanides depending on the formula.

 

Tuft

Turf

A cluster of yarns drawn through a fabric and projecting from the surface in the form of cut yarns.

 

Tuft Bind

Testing

The force (usually measured in pounds) required to pull a tuft from the turf backing. Also known as tuft lock.

 

U

Urethane

Backing

Polyurethane. A polymeric resin applied as an adhesive backing. This backing encapsulates the yarn for extra tuft bind.

 

V

Virgin Plastic

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Material in the form of pellets, granules, powder, floc, or liquid that has not been subjected to use or processing other than that required for its initial manufacture.

 

W

Warranty

Warranty

Warranties for the synthetic turf field systems should be clearly understood and may include the following:

  • Acceptable uses for the field
  • Expected number of yearly hours of use of the field
  • Type of shoes used
  • Fading
  • Color match within specifications
  • Excessive fiber wear
  • Acceptable loss of pile height over time
  • Wrinkling and panel movement
  • Shock absorbency (g-max)
  • Seam integrity
  • Drainage
  • Response time for required repairs or replacement
  • Other items deemed relevant

 

Waste

Resource Recovery (ASTM D7209)

Any substance or object that the holder discards or intends or is required to discard.

 

World Rugby

Governing Body

The governing body for the sport of Rugby Union and Rugby Sevens. World Rugby dictates design and performance characteristics required for approved rugby fields.

 

Y

Yarn

Fiber

A continuous strand of fibers used in tufting, weaving and bonding to form turf and other fabrics.

 

Yarn Weight

Turf

The total weight of the yarn in the turf. Also commonly referred to as face weight and/or pile weight.

 

*Many of the glossary terms are provided courtesy of the Synthetic Turf Council

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